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What does “core” mean?

The word “core” has four meanings: 1). the center part of certain types of fruit, 2). the center or the most important part of something, 3). the central part of a planet, that which is in the middle, 4). relating to inflation, sudden and temporary price changes. For our purposes here we are interested in […]

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How do I use “project” as a verb?

We usually use the word “project” (noun:ˈpräjˌekt) as a noun, meaning something that is carefully planned to achieve a goal. The students were assigned a research project. But we can also use “project” (verb: prəˈjekt) as a verb meaning to predict or forecast something based on present trends. Based on the current rate of spending, we can project […]

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What does “placebo” mean?

A placebo is a pill, medicine, or a procedure that has only psychological effects on a patient.  In other words, doctors may prescribe a placebo to a patient when they do not need actual medicine, but the patient believes they need medicine to survive or heal. Placebos are also used in control groups when experimenting with new drugs.

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Reference Words

We use reference words to refer back to someone or something that was already named.  Reference words are typically pronouns such as he, she, they, them, and it.  Other words commonly used as referents are one, ones, this, that, these and those. When reading a passage, it is important to follow the referents and know what they […]

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Collocations

Collocation are words that we normally use together.  We can say that they “like each other.” For example, we normally use the word “sufficient” with time or money.  “There wasn’t sufficient money to cover the accident.” Or, “The students didn’t have sufficient time to finish the test.”  When we use collocation in our essays, our writing becomes stronger […]

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indicate (v)

From the Academic Word List If I am giving someone directions on how to get to a certain place, and that person nods their head, that person gives me an indication they understand. Definition Indication means to give a sign or a signal, or to show something is true. Word Family indicate (verb), indication (noun) […]

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