Archive | Grammar


have gone & have been

I am frequently asked what the difference is between have gone and have been. Generally speaking, when we say, “He has gone to New York,” we mean he has left and is in New York now.  When we say, “He has been to New York,” we mean he went to New York and he is back now, […]

Continue Reading 0

a/an Exceptions to the Rule

Exception to the Rule We use “a” before words that begin with a consonant sound, and we use “an” before words that begin with a vowel sound. a / e / i / o / u For example: It was raining, and I didn’t have an umbrella. I ate an apple and a sandwich for […]

Continue Reading 0

When do you use “a” and “the”?

Today, we want to talk about when to use “a”, and when to use “the”. We use the definite article “the” when there is: 1. only one person, place, or thing 2. the person, place, or thing is already understood 3. the noun has already been mentioned before For more information, visit us at

Continue Reading 0

Using Commas

When writing compound sentences, use a comma before the coordinating conjunction. John went to the bank, and he went to the post office. It was raining hard, but he stayed dry. When writing complex sentences, use a comma when the subordinating clause is first. Although the test was canceled, John still studied at the library. Because the […]

Continue Reading 0

Using Adjective Clauses

We use adjective clauses to identify or give more information about a person, place or thing (noun). Unlike an adjective word, which comes before the noun it modifies, the adjective clause comes after the noun. We usually use relative pronouns to introduce the adjective clause. Relative pronouns are listed below. who, that modifies person / […]

Continue Reading 0


Look at the following examples using the word “MAKE.” In these examples “MAKE” means to REQUIRE, or even FORCE someone to do something. Teachers often MAKE students put away their cell phones. The police MADE the residents move their cars. New policies will MAKE workers sign in when they start work in the morning. Notice […]

Continue Reading 0