MLA In-Text Citation

Basic MLA In-text Citation

MLA (Modern Language Association) is used to cite sources mostly in liberal arts and the humanities.

If you are using MLA in-text citation, include the author’s last name and the page number from where the paraphrase or quotation was taken.

  • Abraham Lincoln was challenged in understanding the complexity of the issues involved in the war (Smith 56).
  • According to Smith, Abraham Lincoln was challenged in understanding the complexity of the issues involved in the war (56).
  • Reedman stated, “For all appearances the war had ceased, but bitter feelings still lingered in the minds of many” (284).

If you do not know the author’s name, use an abbreviated form of the title with the page number in parenthetical citation.

  • “Technology has made it possible to predict how close meteors will travel passed the earth” (“Predicting Meteors” 2).

If your source uses a quote cited by another author, use “qtd. in” to show the original source.

  • Bates argues that schools must be responsible for “developing curriculum that ensures students succeed academically” (qtd. in Gibson 342).

When citing from the Internet, if known, give the author’s name, article title, and website name. It is not necessary to give a page number.

  • According to pacific.edu, “Actions in the digital world can have far-reaching consequences in real life” (“Online Social Networking”).

Web addresses should be written in the short form. Ex: newstartclub.com verses http://newstartclub.com.